Liverpool PULL PLUG on Timo Werner transfer and end talks with RB Leipzig striker

Liverpool have reportedly refused to pay Timo Werner’s £52million release clause and withdrawn from negotiations with RB Leipzig. The Reds were closing in on an agreement before the coronavirus outbreak.

But Liverpool’s finances have been hit hard by the lack of revenue in the last two months while matches have been postponed.

Werner has flirted with the prospect of moving to Anfield next summer and will have only done his hopes well by netting a hat-trick against Mainz at the weekend.

However, the Mirror claim Liverpool will stand firm and pay no more than £30m at the end of the season.

A similar stance is being undertook by the Bundesliga club as they will not drop their valuation below £50m.

That means talks have hit an impasse and Liverpool will no longer pursue the forward this year.

Transfers are expected to be heavily affected by the global pandemic as fees are set to drop in the next window.

Clubs will have much less money to spend given the lack of matches played over recent months.

However, Leipzig CEO Oliver Mintzlaff insists his side do not need to recoup any cash by flogging their top stars on the cheap.

“It won’t get any cheaper,” the chief said of Werner. “We will not sell a player below value if he is under contract for more than a year.

READ MORE

  • Valtteri Bottas opens doors for Vettel to join Lewis Hamilton

“In general, we always ask the question: can we replace a player if we sell him for less than his market value?”

Meanwhile, Leipzig boss Julian Nagelsmann has recently admitted his star is considering walking away from the club.

“He is in a good mood, feels good and trains well,” Nagelsmann told Sport Bild.

“I do not have the impression that he is carrying a large cross with him. But he is a young guy who is sure to sit at home with his girlfriend and ponder whether he will stay or change.

“When the question is in the room, you are always a little bit somewhere else. It was no different for me than when in Hoffenheim, it was about whether I go away.

“It is more obvious with strikers, because then there are phases in which they do not score.”

Source: Read Full Article

Newcastle star urged to snub transfer amid £300m takeover and spending spree

Newcastle star Jonjo Shelvey has been urged to snub a move away from St James’ Park by Paul Robinson. The former Premier League goalkeeper says the midfielder could be part of something special at Newcastle as their £300m takeover draws closer.

Shelvey has been linked with a switch to West Ham ahead of the summer transfer window.

Hammers boss David Moyes is said to be an admirer of the 28-year-old.

However, Robinson says Shelvey should stay put with Newcastle’s takeover drawing closer.

When asked whether Shelvey should join West Ham, Robinson told Football Insider: “I think it could be a great time to be part of things at Newcastle. He should at least give himself the opportunity to be part of things.

DON’T MISS: Newcastle takeover in serious doubt with £300m move under threat

“West Ham’s future is far from sealed at the moment. If the league is to be restarted they have got a real perilous set of fixtures.

“If they were to be relegated then it is a different proposition for Jonjo Shelvey.

“Does he want to be part of a Newcastle that are heading in the right direction if the takeover was to happen or does he want to end up in the Championship with West Ham?

“It will be very dependent on the end of the season.”

Newcastle fans are hoping their £300m takeover is completed in the coming days.

READ MORE

  • Man Utd chief Ed Woodward identifies Jadon Sancho transfer alternative

Toon owner Mike Ashley has agreed to sell the club to PCP Capital Partners, an organisation backed by the Public Investment Fund of Saudi Arabia.

However, it emerged on Tuesday night that a new court ruling could scupper the deal.

The World Trade Organisation ruled Saudi Arabia is behind a pirate satellite TV and streaming service, leaving the takeover in jeopardy.

They ruled the Saudi government is behind beoutQ, which offers illegal streams to sporting events, including Premier League games.

The likes of Fifa, Uefa, the Premier League, La Liga have tried to take action against beoutQ, however, the copyright cases were unsuccessful.

READ MORE

  • Man Utd fans convinced Jadon Sancho transfer is done

Following the claims, a subsequent case was taken to the WTO, who ruled Saudi Arabia is in breach of international law.

The ruling could see Newcastle’s proposed new owners fail the Premier League’s owners’ and directors’ test.

Newcastle were tipped to splash the cash in the summer transfer window if their takeover was completed.

The Toon had been backed to sign Barcelona ace Philippe Coutinho, Gareth Bale of Real Madrid and Napoli centre-back Kalidou Koulibaly.

Source: Read Full Article

Kylian Mbappe hails Jurgen Klopp’s Liverpool ‘machine’ again amid Anfield transfer links

Paris Saint-Germain attacker Kylian Mbappe has once again stoked the fires over the transfer speculation linking him to Liverpool, labelling Jurgen Klopp’s side “a machine” who make “winning look easy”.

The Reds were on course for a first league title in 30 years before the coronavirus crisis shut down the Premier League, and in some style too.

With 27 wins from 29 games and just one defeat, Liverpool have racked up 82 points and need just two more victories – if the season restarts – to confirm themselves as champions.

Their form in the English top flight this term comes after winning the Champions League last season while also recording a club-record 97 points in the league, though they missed out on the title to Pep Guardiola’s Manchester City.

And Liverpool’s performances and results over the past two years have caught the attention of fleet-footed France forward Mbappe, who has been tentatively linked to Anfield.

The 21-year-old, who boasts 117 goals and 66 assists in 181 games at club level for PSG and Monaco, is out of contract at the Parc des Princes in 2022 and has yet to sign an extension.

Klopp and co. looked to sign him three years ago with the Liverpool manager even having held talks with the young Frenchman about a switch to the Premier League.

And with Mbappe’s future once again a hot topic, the World Cup winner has paid tribute to the European champions and in particular their head coach.

“This season Liverpool have been a machine in the Premier League,” Mbappe said when asked if he is a keen watcher of the English top flight.

“They have made winning look easy – but the truth is that is never easy.

“To be as ruthless as they have been would come from having a very good manager and lots of hard work in training.

“Performances like they have been having don’t just happen.”

It is not the first time Mbappe has publicly hailed Liverpool, having called them “amazing” earlier this year.

He told BBC Sport: “The guys are focused, they play games every three days and they win, they win, they win.

“Now the problem is that everybody watches Liverpool, and everybody watches what we can do against them, so now they have to show they are strong again but it’s a very good team with a very good manager.”

Liverpool are one of few clubs who might boast the appeal to be able to sign Mbappe, as one of the continent’s most formidable teams.

READ MORE

  • Liverpool warned Timo Werner could cause problem after transfer

But the hopes of Liverpool fans that they would beat Real Madrid to the signature of arguably the most valuable player in world football were shut down by Klopp last year.

The German, speaking back in November, insisted that the Merseyside club simply cannot afford to meet Mbappe’s valuation – which might surpass £200m even in a post-coronavirus market.

“Buying this calibre of player is difficult,” said Klopp. “I don’t see any club at the moment who can buy Kylian Mbappe from PSG.

“I don’t see any club, that is how it is. And we are involved in the clubs that cannot do it. It is as easy as that.

“OK, from a sporting point of view, there are not a lot of reasons to not sign him.

“What a player he is. But it is about the money of course. No chance.

“Absolutely no chance. Sorry for killing that story.”

Source: Read Full Article

Man Utd fans convinced Jadon Sancho transfer is done after key Borussia Dortmund decision

Manchester United fans are convinced Jadon Sancho is joining this summer after the winger was benched for Borussia Dortmund’s clash against Bayern Munich on Tuesday evening. Sancho has come off the bench in Dortmund’s previous two Bundesliga games.

However, it’s claimed the England international is recovering from an injury.

Sancho is on the bench again as Lucien Favre’s men face Bayern Munich in a crucial game in the Bundesliga title race.

And United fans are convinced Sancho’s admission from Favre’s starting XI means he’s heading to Old Trafford this summer.

One United supporter wrote on Twitter: “Jadon Sancho getting bench reminds me of the Lukaku and solskjaer vibes in pre season. Welcome to Manchester United @Sanchooo10.”

DON’T MISS: Man Utd backed to sign Sancho in cheap deal, Coutinho to Arsenal plan

Another said: “Dortmund is learning how to live without Sancho; you remember Pulisic to Chelsea??”

“No start for Sancho again? Yup that’s a confirmed move to United then. No one can tell me otherwise- I know how this works,” agreed a fellow fan.

Another wrote on Twitter: “Sancho on bench again only tells me one thing…. United soon.”

United have made Sancho their No. 1 transfer target ahead of the summer transfer window.

However, it’s understood Dortmund will demand over £100m for the 20-year-old.

Premier League lockdown survey: Should football return despite coronavirus? VOTE now

READ MORE

  • Man Utd hopes of completing Jadon Sancho transfer depend on Man City

The German giants have no problem with letting the former Manchester City ace leave – as long as their asking price is met.

A lot has been made of Sancho’s future, with former Dortmund midfielder Steffen Freund warning the winger about leaving the Bundesliga.

He said: “Jadon is ready to play for Liverpool or Man United, no question, because his stats are unbelievable. That shows that he can take the next step.

“In the Borussia Dortmund side with [Erling] Haaland, [Julian] Brandt improving, with Emre Can signing, with changing to a back-three that suits Sancho.

“It would be good for him to play for Borussia Dortmund now and next year so that he will have more match time.

READ MORE

  • Man Utd chief Ed Woodward identifies Jadon Sancho transfer alternative

“He’s only 20, so why not play for Borussia Dortmund? We’re not talking about Freiburg or Paderborn, we’re talking about Borussia Dortmund, one of the top 20 clubs in Europe.

“Remember Jovic, who moved to Real Madrid from Eintracht Frankfurt, he’s not playing. If you have an offer from Real Madrid you think, ‘I have to go’.

“No, you don’t have to go because the salaries in the Bundesliga are on a good level, too, not as much as Real Madrid or the Premier League, though.

“But you can earn good money and improve and not make too much of a big step at once.

“So for Jadon to move to Man United with that pressure, they are struggling to qualify for the Champions League, so maybe it’s better to stay another year in Dortmund.”

Source: Read Full Article

What Man Utd owners the Glazers think about selling Red Devils

Manchester United’s owners the Glazers have no intention of selling the club and were only willing to let a Saudi Arabian consortium buy just a 20 per cent share, reports say. The Americans are unpopular figures among fans at Old Trafford. But it appears they won’t be going anywhere anytime soon, with the family very much determined to steer the Red Devils back to the top of the Premier League.

When the Glazers took over at United in 2005, many felt uneasy.

The Red Devils were seen as selling their soul and, in the years since, the Americans have been subject to various protests both on the terraces and away from the field of play.

Even Ole Gunnar Solskjaer had his doubts. At a time where supporter fury was growing in volume, he said 15 years ago: “I think it is important that the club remains in the right hands.

“I am absolutely on the supporters’ side and think the club is in very good hands as it is today. I am a United fan myself and only want what is best for the future.”

For a while, things worked.

The Glazers saw United win trophies galore under Sir Alex Ferguson but, in the years since the Scot walked away, the Red Devils have fallen down the football power rankings.

VOTE IN OUR LOCKDOWN SURVEY: Premier League lockdown survey: Should football return despite coronavirus? VOTE now

READ MORE

  • Man Utd boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer may have the next Carlos Tevez

Earlier in the season, at a time where supporter fury was reaching its peak, a Saudi Arabian consortium showed interest in buying the club.

It’s previously been claimed the Glazers were willing to sell up should they receive an offer in the region of £2billion to £3b.

But The Athletic say the Glazers are very much determined to stay put and continue the work they started years ago.

It’s claimed they were only willing to sell a stake worth 20 per cent to the Saudis when they held talks last year.

And a former United director, whose name is withheld, believes the Glazers are ‘attached’ to the Red Devils.

“People underestimate how attached the owners are to Manchester United,” they said.

THINK YOU KNOW FOOTBALL? Football quiz questions and answers: 15 questions and answers for your home pub quiz

READ MORE

  • Ed Woodward has private concern about Man Utd

“I’m sure there have been people in the past who have been prepared to wave some notes at them but it would take a lot to get them out.

“Not just because they’d want to maximise their return but also because being the owner of Manchester United means something.”

Meanwhile, former United defender Gary Neville recently claimed the Glazers had allowed Old Trafford and general match days to ‘tire’.

“When I think of Manchester United and the land Manchester United own, there should be a Man United World around there,” Neville told Sky Sports.

“They should be influencing education and community, there should be entertainment for the public, it should be a real experience of Manchester United around that stadium.

DON’T MISS

Man Utd chief Ed Woodward could sign four free agents to save millions in transfer window

Man Utd may turn to Memphis Depay or Wilfried Zaha because of Jadon Sancho difficulty

Man Utd face Anthony Martial leaving Old Trafford if Ole Gunnar Solskjaer fails mission

“Old Trafford has been allowed to tire, the team has been tiring, the stadium is starting to look old and it needs investment.

“Around the area, there is a huge opportunity to create a Man United experience, something that can influence not just Manchester – their reach is global.

“Old Trafford is a special place, it could be so much more special.

“If you tap into what City have done over there with a far lesser name and a far more difficult hand to play. The opportunities for United are big, but they have to have a strategy and an ambition to deliver what it can be.

“The City owners have a vision of what they want for their football club and their football product to be while United seems more insular at this point in time.”

THINK YOU KNOW SPORT? Try our Sport’s quiz to test your knowledge during lockdown

Source: Read Full Article

Odion Ighalo may have played his last game for Man Utd as transfer concern emerges

Manchester United are reportedly on the brink of seeing Odion Ighalo exit the club after just eight games after failing to reach an agreement with Shanghai Shenhua on his loan deal.

Amid a striker crisis in January, United signed Ighalo from the Chinese Super League side on loan until the end of the season.

And in his time at Old Trafford, the Nigeria international has impressed, scoring four goals and providing experienced back-up.

However, due to the coronavirus pandemic forcing the Premier League to take an enforced break, Ighalo’s deal which was until the end of the season is now due to expire next week.

And according to the Daily Mail, attempts by United to extend the deal by another three months have been rebuffed by Shanghai, who want the striker back for the start of their season.

Premier League lockdown survey: Should football return despite coronavirus? VOTE now

As it stands, against his personal wishes, Ighalo will leave Manchester and return to China, missing the resumption of the Premier League.

The report says United have been paying £130,000 of Ighalo’s £400,000-a-week salary.

Losing Ighalo would leave United short in attack with just Anthony Martial and Mason Greenwood as their only recognised forwards.

But Marcus Rashford has been able to start training again after originally being set to miss the second half of the season with a stress fracture in his back.

READ MORE

  • Andy Murray and Man Utd star Marcus Rashford share secrets

Should Rashford get back to full fitness, he could play a pivotal role in United’s final games of the campaign.

Speaking earlier this month in a discussion with former British No 1 Andy Murray, Rashford spoke openly about feeling like he didn’t ‘belong’ with the first-team in the months before his stunning breakthrough in 2016 when he scored four goals in his first two games for United.

He said: “I remember a couple of months before my debut I was on the bench and at that moment I didn’t feel ready. I didn’t feel like I belonged in the first team.

“You know that’s why timing is so important. I wasn’t ready to play that game so I think the manager knew what he was doing at the time.

“Van Gaal is very experienced with young players and he wanted to wait for the right time.

“When I made my debut it just felt natural, it just felt like I was playing with my normal team-mates.“I just remember doing normal stuff like going to college about four days later.

“We had two games in three days and the next day after that I had college and there was press outside my college and I didn’t understand what the big fuss was all about.

“Because in my mind I was just going to college to finish what I started in that year.”

Source: Read Full Article

Man Utd open talks with agent over summer transfer with Arsenal also keen

Manchester United are in talks with Adrien Rabiot’s agent over a potential summer transfer. The Juventus midfielder has been tipped to leave Italy this summer. United, Arsenal and Everton have all been credited with interest in the 25-year-old.

Reports in France this week claimed the Gunners have sounded out Rabiot’s representatives over a possible summer switch.

However, according to Italian newspaper Gazzetta dello Sport, United are hoping to beat their rivals to Rabiot.

They say the Red Devils have held talks with Rabiot’s mother and agent Veronique.

However, Gazzetta dello Sport add that there have also been talks with Everton.

There is no indication whether Rabiot favours a move to either Premier League side.

DON’T MISS: Arsenal in talks to sell Aubameyang as transfer fee emerges

United boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has been vocal on their transfer plans, insisting the Red Devils are ready to splash the cash.

“Football is going to get back to normality at one point, and it’s very important we’re ready when that happens,” Solskjaer said.

“Then, the market, who knows how the market is going to react to this? Who knows which clubs need to sell players?

“There might be just a situation there where you can exploit, and I know that we at Man United we are one of the biggest, and the biggest, financially well-off.

Premier League lockdown survey: Should football return despite coronavirus? VOTE now

READ MORE

  • Chelsea boss Lampard identifies top transfer target as £80m bid eyed

“We want to be the best at everything, and of course now is a chance to spend more time, you discuss players, discuss plans.

“We’ve evaluated what we need, of course with the coaching staff we’ve looked at games, evaluated games, discussing on video calls like this.

“I’m sure we are capable, when we get back to normality, that we can do the business that we want to.”

United executive vice-chairman Ed Woodward has also spoken out, revealing he’ll back Solskjaer in the transfer window.

READ MORE

  • Liverpool fans send Kai Havertz transfer message to Jurgen Klopp

Woodward said: “We have always believed that our commercial model gives us greater resilience than most clubs and we are grateful for the enduring support of our commercial partners in helping us achieve that.

“However, nobody should be under any illusions about the scale of challenge facing everyone in football and it may not be ‘business as usual’ for any clubs, including ourselves, in the transfer market this summer.

“As ever our priority is the success of team, but we need visibility of the impact across the whole industry, including timings of the transfer window, and the wider financial picture, before we can talk about a return to normality.

“On this basis, I cannot help feeling that speculation around transfers of individual players for hundreds of millions of pounds this summer seems to ignore the realities that face the sport.”

Source: Read Full Article

Timo Werner to Liverpool transfer ‘is happening’ as new Jurgen Klopp link emerges

Liverpool have been linked with a move for impressive RB Leipzig striker Timo Werner this summer. The Reds are looking to add another strong link to their attacking line-up of Roberto Firmino, Mohamed Salah and Sadio Mane.

Werner has been in stunning form this season, netting 27 goals and providing 12 assists in all competitions.

And BILD Head of Football Christian Falk believes Werner moving to Liverpool will happen this summer.

He also highlights the fact the 24-year-old has just joined a new agency that also look after Liverpool boss Jurgen Klopp.

He told lfctransfertoom: “According to our information, the clause is 55 million as a base value and can grow to 60 million if RB Leipzig makes it into the Champions League.

“And yes, I think this transfer is happening. Interestingly, Werner now has a new Social Media and Marketing agency.

JUST IN: F1 delivered British Grand Prix blow as UK government make quarantine decision

“The boss of this agency is also Jurgen Klopp’s manager.

“Werner is also talking a lot about Liverpool in the public eye now too…”

Falk has also revealed Liverpool are interested in signing Bayer Leverkusen star Kai Havertz.

He explained: “Kai Havertz – especially those who witnessed his match for Leverkusen against Werder Bremen as he scored two goals – he is one the hottest players on the market.

“However, he wanted to be transferred during the summer, but FC Bayern won’t be willing to gamble right now.

DON’T MISS
What Man Utd boss Solskjaer has been told in private about transfers [GOSSIP]
Newcastle takeover: Why is Saudi takeover taking so long? [NEWS]
Mauricio Pochettino teases Newcastle move after gardening leave ends [NEWS]

READ MORE

  • Liverpool transfer masterplan to harvest £40m has fallen foul

“For Bayern, Havertz is of course very interesting, but the club would prefer a transfer in 2021 instead.

“That means Havertz will take on the focus of other international top clubs like Barcelona, Real Madrid or Liverpool.

“I have heard there is interest from these clubs.

“The agents of Havertz informed Bayer Leverkusen already about this, but there are no offers yet.”

Liverpool currently sit top of the Premier League and need just six points to seal their first title since 1990.

Premier League lockdown survey: Should football return? – VOTE NOW

READ MORE

  • Liverpool have found their Fekir but transfer will cost twice as much

The Reds will be hoping football can restart when it is safe to do so to avoid any question marks over their legitimacy as title holders.

The Premier League is currently suspended due to the global coronavirus crisis.

Players have returned to training this week but in small groups and maintaining social distancing.

Premier League football is currently scheduled to return in mid-June but that date could be pushed back.

Source: Read Full Article

Naomi Osaka smashes highest-earning female athlete record and overtakes Serena Williams

Two-time Grand Slam winner Naomi Osaka has become the world’s highest-earning female athlete in history.

The Japanese star made her breakthrough in 2018 when she won the US Open and then followed up by winning the Australian Open.

That success earnt her lucrative endorsements with Nike, Nissan, MasterCard, ANA and P&G amongst others.

And according to Forbes, Osaka raked in $37.4million over the past 12 months which surpasses the previous record of $29.7m set by Maria Sharapova in 2015.

Osaka’s earnings put her 29th in Forbes’ annual list of the 100 top-earning athletes with Serena Williams 33rd with $36m.

“To those outside the tennis world, Osaka is a relatively fresh face with a great back story,” David Carter, a sports business professor at USC’s Marshall School of Business, told Forbes.

“Combine that with being youthful and bicultural, two attributes that help her resonate with younger, global audiences, and the result is the emergence of a global sports marketing icon.”

Prior to Osaka’s rise, Williams and Sharapova had shared the title of being the highest-paid female athlete since 2011.

However, despite her success, Osaka admitted she sometimes struggles to cope with chronic shyness.

READ MORE

  • Tsitsipas reflects on ‘magical’ moments with Federer and Nadal

“For me, I have a lot of regrets before I go to sleep, and most of the regret is that I don’t speak out about what I’m thinking,” she told CNN.

“I’m done being shy. It’s really a waste of my time.

“I could’ve shared so many ideas by now, I could’ve had convos with so many different people.

“All the things I could’ve learned but no I’m over here actually putting my own limiter on myself.

“I want to take the chance to tell people I appreciate them while I can.

“I would like to thank Jay-Z and Beyoncé for making music that motivates me, because there was a period in my life where I just watched Beyoncé performances to get motivated.

“Even right now I’m listening to older Jay-Z songs because I feel like they’re really chill.”

Source: Read Full Article

Liverpool boss Jurgen Klopp holds trump card if he wants Kalidou Koulibaly transfer

If Jurgen Klopp does indeed want Kalidou Koulibaly, then he has the perfect man to help him execute his plan in Sadio Mane. The two Senegal internationals are the pride of Aliou Cisse’s national team and are both recognised as superstars on the world stage.

Both have become faces of African football and are helping inspire the next generation of Senegalese talent to follow their dreams in Europe.

Coincidentally, both made their senior bow at Metz where they shared the dressing room together in the 2011/12 season.

Mane would then divert to Red Bull Salzburg in Austria while Koulibaly moved on to Genk in Belgium.

Now, they have a unique chance to reunite at club level at Liverpool.

JUST IN:  What Jurgen Klopp told Timo Werner during private Liverpool transfer phone calls 

Make no mistake, this is a deal that Klopp is very unlikely to pursue, particularly in the current financial climate.

But it’s a proposition that leaves supporters drooling and other Premier League attacks running scared.

A partnership of Virgil van Dijk and Koulibaly would elevate Liverpool to the next level.

It’s an addition that could put daylight between themselves and Manchester City, who will no doubt recruit and make up ground this summer.

DON’T MISS 

Liverpool chief Michael Edwards begged Jurgen Klopp to green-light game-changing signing

What Kylian Mbappe thinks about Liverpool transfer after phone call from Jurgen Klopp

Liverpool may be using Timo Werner smokescreen as Alisson transfer proves

Koulibaly is at the stage in his career where he wants to try something new before it’s too late.

Napoli appear to be at the end of a cycle after a stagnant campaign following the arrival of Gennaro Gattuso.

There had been hope under Carlo Ancelotti that Napoli could knock Juventus off their perch.

That of course didn’t happen and Ancelotti was dismissed, perhaps harshly, in December.

READ MORE

  • Liverpool face Man Utd reality check as call hints at Werner stance

He would now sure love to bring Koulibaly to Merseyside but the project across Stanley Park at Anfield is a far more attractive one.

The centre-back will not be short of options if he does decide to leave the San Paolo.

Paris Saint-Germain need to replace Thiago Silva while Manchester United failed with a bid for Koulibaly two years ago.

Man City are in desperate need of defensive reinforcements and lived to regret letting Van Dijk move to Liverpool.

Mane can help them suffer again, by playing the middle man in a potential deal for Koulibaly, should Michael Edwards be willing to dip his hands deep into his pockets.

The winger has already played a similar role when securing the signing of Naby Keita from RB Leipzig.

Mane and Keita also briefly played together at RB Salzburg and has helped the midfielder settle at Anfield.

This summer may not be the right transfer window to do the deal, but it’s a game changing addition worth considering for Klopp.

Source: Read Full Article